The honey bee is one of the most well-studied insects in North America. While there is a species of bees referred to as the “stingless honey bee,” true honey bees do, in fact, sting. However, this happens only when under attack. Worker bees will sting defensively and if other worker bees are nearby, they, too, will attack, thanks to a pheromone released during the sting. When a honey bee stings a human or animal, the stinger and its sac (full of venom) come apart from the bee’s body. Since the venom sac is still attached, the stinger continues to deliver venom until it’s removed from the victim. Until the stinger is removed, that pheromone continues to release a warning sign to nearby bees, making the victim susceptible to multiple stings. It’s true that the bee will die after it uses its stinger. Avoidance is the best way to keep them from causing trouble.
Only dangerous to a small percentage of people who are allergic to their venom, honey bees only attack when threatened. Still, to that small percentage of people, the allergic reaction may range from mild to deadly.